The hydrolipidic barrier has a protective function and damage to it leads to symptoms such as irritation, burning and tightness. It is worth paying special attention to skin care and avoiding overly aggressive cosmetics in order to avoid damage to this important barrier. However, if the hydrolipid mantle is damaged, it is worthwhile to resort to methods that will restore it.
What is damage to the skin’s hydrolipid barrier and how does it manifest itself?
The lipid barrier, or hydrolipid mantle, is a barrier on the surface of the epidermis. Its main function is to protect the skin from environmental factors and excessive water loss. When the hydrolipid mantle is breached, symptoms appear that are difficult to ignore.
One sign of damage to the hydrolipidic barrier is intractable dryness of the skin that persists. Even the application of moisturising cream only brings temporary relief, and within a short time the roughness and tightness return. The feeling of tightness can also occur after washing the skin. In such a situation, there is an immediate need to reach for a moisturiser.
Damage to the hydrolipid barrier stimulates the sebaceous glands. An overproduction of sebum occurs in order to alleviate the discomfort. Symptoms that occur also include itching and burning of the skin during the day, as well as redness on the cheeks or other parts of the face. A grey and sallow complexion also appears, as well as increased susceptibility to irritation and frequent allergic symptoms.
When the hydrolipid mantle is damaged, dry skin is also accompanied by the appearance of open comedones, closed comedones and inflammation. Furthermore, previously effective cosmetics are no longer effective, as the skin becomes hypersensitive and reacts with a burning sensation.
Causes of damage to the hydrolipid mantle
The appearance of gaps in our hydrolipidic barrier is caused by many factors, but mainly concerns inadequate or insufficient skin care. The problem can be too much exfoliation of the epidermis, i.e. the use of mechanical scrubs, but also cosmetics such as chemical peels or products containing retinol and its derivatives. Care should also be taken with new cosmetics introduced into skincare, especially if they contain active ingredients in high concentrations.
The state of the hydrolipid mantle is also adversely affected by dermatological treatment, non-use of sunscreen creams or skin care unsuitable for the weather.
What to do when the skin’s hydrolipidic barrier is damaged?
When we experience damage to the hydrolipid mantle, it may be necessary to change cosmetics. These should be well-tested products from proven manufacturers, preferably dermocosmetics. They should be gentle products with a physiological pH, regenerating and soothing properties. It is advisable to reach for mild foams, moisturising creams, lotions, micellar and thermal waters.
Cosmetics for the reconstruction of the skin’s hydrolipidic barrier should contain ingredients such as ceramides, unsaturated fatty acids, moisturising hyaluronic acid, and oiling and softening squalane. Ingredients that support the lipid layer will also work well, including niacinamide, emollients, butters and oils. It is also important to protect the skin from UV radiation, so reach for products with sunscreens.
The overall condition of the body and its hydration also affect the state of the hydrolipid barrier. A well-balanced diet and fluid intake are therefore important, and it is recommended to drink at least 2 litres of fluids a day.